Henry II's Legal Reforms

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  • Henry II - Legal Reforms
    • Assize of Clarendon (1166)
      • Introduced empanelling of juries of presentment by sheriffs
      • Standard procedures and punishments for crown pleas
      • Sheriffs have access to all lands, people and courts
    • Assize of Northampton (1176)
      • Divided England's counties into six circuits for king's justices
      • New oath of fealty required from every man
      • Punishments made for lesser crimes harsher
      • Arson and forgery added to crown pleas for justices
      • Two new possessory legal actions developed
        • Novel disseisin and mort d'ancestor
          • Possessory assizes
            • Dealt with land possession issues


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