Henry II - Causes of the Becket Crisis

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  • Henry II - Becket Crisis Causes
    • Church status
      • Theobald relations declined
      • Henry exploited Pope's troubles
        • Theobald relations declined
      • Walter de Lucy + Bishop Hilary supported Becket
      • 5% of Englishmen clergy
      • Church courts more lenient
    • Personality
      • Thomas and Henry on friendly terms
        • BUT Thomas contradicted Henry at Woodstock (Sheriffs)
      • Concordia Bishops saw canon laws above laws of the realm
      • Becket refused to support Bishops at Clarendon
      • Thomas tried in court for embezzlement + land issues
      • Beckett flees to France, excommunicates government officials
      • 400 members of Bekcet's housle deported
      • Treaty of Montmirial
      • Becket threatens to excommunicate Henry
    • Henry's Power
      • Church authority overlaps royal authority
      • Investiture controversy
        • King and Pope could appoint different bishops of the same region
      • Kingly Prerogatives- God-given rights and authority
      • Clarendon constitutions limited Church power
      • Aimed to sort Church courts
        • Church status
          • Henry exploited Pope's troubles
            • Walter de Lucy + Bishop Hilary supported Becket
            • 5% of Englishmen clergy
            • Church courts more lenient

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