Henry II and Becket

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  • Henry II and Becket
    • Henry appointed his friend Becket as Arch Bishop of Canterbury in 1162
      • H.II's fault - chose Becket for the wrong reasons - wanted an inside man in the Church
        • Shouldn't have assumed Becket's loyalty
      • History's fault - Church and Government long underlying tensions - clash inevitable
    • Becket quickly became more religious and disagreed with H.II's proposed tax on clergymen in 1182
      • 1164 Constitution of Clarendon -set of rules that put Monarch above the Church - Becket refused to sign
        • H.II put Becket on trial for corruption when Chancellor - fled after hostility in trial (in full gear w/ cross) - to Flanders
          • H.II excommunicated Becket and followers and family
            • 1167-70 Pope intervenes - meeting w/ Henry and Becket -forgave
              • History fault - Pope always got involved bc battle against Government and State needs representation from both i.e King and pope
              • H.Younger crowned by three Bishops (not Becket, who then excommunicates them) Becket excommunicates any Bishop who supports H.II
                • H.II -"will no one rid me of this turbulent beast?"
                  • 4 knights rid to Canterbury
                  • H.II's fault - notoriously bad temper
                • Becket's fault - stubborn and cruel - never giving up punishment - even after king accepted him back
                • Becket killed Dec 1170 in Canterbury Cathedral
                  • 1173 Pope canonises Becket
                  • 1174 Henry II penance to Becket - walks barefoot to his tomb
                    • History fault - religious time - people believe religious figures - made seem worse on Henry II
          • H.II's fault - Becket was faithful Chancellor
          • Becket's fault - arrogance provoked hostility
        • H.II's fault - should've been more forceful
      • Becket's fault - never disagree w/ king
        • 1164 Constitution of Clarendon -set of rules that put Monarch above the Church - Becket refused to sign
          • H.II put Becket on trial for corruption when Chancellor - fled after hostility in trial (in full gear w/ cross) - to Flanders
            • H.II excommunicated Becket and followers and family
              • 1167-70 Pope intervenes - meeting w/ Henry and Becket -forgave
                • History fault - Pope always got involved bc battle against Government and State needs representation from both i.e King and pope
                • H.Younger crowned by three Bishops (not Becket, who then excommunicates them) Becket excommunicates any Bishop who supports H.II
                  • H.II -"will no one rid me of this turbulent beast?"
                    • 4 knights rid to Canterbury
                    • H.II's fault - notoriously bad temper
                  • Becket's fault - stubborn and cruel - never giving up punishment - even after king accepted him back
                  • Becket killed Dec 1170 in Canterbury Cathedral
                    • 1173 Pope canonises Becket
                    • 1174 Henry II penance to Becket - walks barefoot to his tomb
                      • History fault - religious time - people believe religious figures - made seem worse on Henry II
            • H.II's fault - Becket was faithful Chancellor
            • Becket's fault - arrogance provoked hostility
          • H.II's fault - should've been more forceful

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