Henry and Becket

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  • Henry and the church.
    • Personality.
      • Henry.
        • Short tempered.
          • Upon one occasion on receiving bad news he reportedly 'tore off all his clothes, jumped to the ground and started gnawing pieces of hay.'
          • After appointing Becket in an attempt to more easily control the church it can be Expected that he would have a bad reaction when becket started to take his roll more seriously and not just follow the kings wishes.
          • His comment 'who will rid me of this turbulent priest?' is what lead to Becket's murder.
      • Becket.
        • Ascetic, very dedicated to church views.
        • Self made.- son of a merchant.
          • Jealous of the marks of privilege.
        • Recived an impressive education in paris but abandoned it in towards the end.
          • Meant that when he was A.B of C and surrounded by the best intellectuals an inferiority complex was created and  he felt pressure to prove he didn't just get the job because of his close friendship with Henry.
            • This lead to his not doing the kings bidding,  not signing the constitutions of clarendon.
            • Reason he was so unwilling to compromise or back down. Not willing to patch things up with Henry : ended every oath with 'saving the honor of my god'
    • Friendship.
      • Proven that becket and Henry were good friends, accounts describe them hunting together on a regular basis.
        • Honor resrved only for the kings closest friends.
      • After becket began renouncing their friendship and acting in the church favor its clear Henry felt a deep betrayal, refusing to talk or communicate with him.
      • Exacerbated and prolonged the conflict.
      • Both do petty things to upset the other.
        • 1170- becket after reconciling with Henry returns to England and excommunicates the A.B of York and any bishops supporting henry.
        • Henry has Young Henry crowned by the A.B of York in 1170.
        • Trumps up Charges against Becket claiming he should forfeit all goods.
    • Constitutional Belifes.
      • Henry
        • Legal reform.
          • Changes he wants B.hops to agree to go against ancient rights and practice of the church.
          • Acts define and constrict church power.
        • Belives in the supremacy of secular law.
        • Attempts to excommunicate Becket for his actions as Chancellor, so as not to upset the church.
      • Becket
        • Believes in the supremacy of Canon law.
    • Pope
      • Very cautious to intervine in conflict.
        • Prolongs any decisions he is asked to make.
      • Eventually after beckets death etc, wins as settles with Henry but the issue of criminous clerks is left as it was before.
      • Refuses to take the position of A.B of C form Becket.


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