Health and safety

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  • Created by: Emmy sale
  • Created on: 07-03-15 22:14
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  • health and safety
    • Design risk assessment
      • Determines the risk potential of a changed design. It becomes more significant when an entirely new process is developed
        • even a small defect can be disastrous on the outcome of the new design. An assessment of the design from conceptualising to the actual designing phase has to be done.
          • This involves simulation tests of different designs and sub-processes of the project
    • Hazards
      • Dust:exposure to fine particulates is mainly associated with natural fibres and yarn manufacturing processes.Cotton dusk is generated during handling or processing of cotton and contains cotton fibres and other potential chemical and microbiological contaminants: bacteria, fungi etc. Exposure to this cotton dusk can generate respiratory hazards: asthma etc
        • Control: Installation of dust extraction, ventilation systems to remove dust from work areas, especially in cotton mills; use of vacuum cleaning of surfaces instead of compressed air 'sweeping' techniques; implementation of regular housekeeping procedures; use of mechanical methods to handle cotton and cotton waste; use of personal protective equipment (PPE) for exposed workers, such as masks and respirators, as necessary; gloves for handling dyes
          • Control: Machine guards used; staff trained; safety signs; regular breaks for staff; appropriate lighting; machine maintenance; chain
      • Noise: the main sources of noise in textile plants are associated with yarn processing and woven fabric production.
        • Noise management= including the use of personal hearing protection
    • Health and safety laws
      • The trade Descriptions Act 1988= can't say a product is waterproof if it is not. A fabric can be waterproof
      • The General Product Safety Regulations Act 1994= products must have correct labelling description. In normal use children's wear must not give any risk or potential risk.
      • H&S at work is the responsibility of employers and employees. Manufacturers are required to follow strict rules nad regulations based on the H&S at Work Act 1974.


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