Hazardous Earth Mount Etna Volcanic Eruption Case Study

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  • Mount Etna
    • 2002
    • No deaths
    • 'State of emergency' declared in eastern half of Sicily
    • A ship equipped with a medical clinic was positioned off shore in preparation for the emergency
    • Short term
      • People moved out of the area
      • US army dropped 2 tonnes of concrete to stop the lava flow
      • Earth dams were built to redirect the flow
      • Italian government gave £5.6 million in aid
    • Long term
      • Rebuilding damaged buildings
      • Scientists improved monitoring of the volcano
      • More planning of emergency service and evacuation plan
      • Use of tourism to generate money and income for the area


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