Haydn 'The Joke' DR SMITH Analysis

This is a DR SMITH (Dynamics, Rhythm/meter, Structure, Melody, Instrumentation, Texture, Tonality, Harmony) analysis of the edexcel A2 Music set work (2013) - String Quartet in Eb 'The Joke' (Haydn).

  • Created by: alisha97
  • Created on: 13-06-13 13:08
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  • Haydn
    • Dynamics
      • fairly detailed dynamics e.g. p, f, crescendos/ diminuendos
      • Includes sf's (forceful accent) e.g. bar 41.
      • Uses General Pauses (GP's) e.g. bar 155.
    • Rhythm/meter
      • In compound duple time(6/8) except in the adagio section where it is duple time (2/4).
      • Mainly quavers, crotchets & dotted crotchets,
    • Structure
      • Rondo Form (ABACAetc)
      • Adagio section is a coda. (bar 149)
      • A sections are called refrains. Other sections are called episodes.
      • The refrain is in rounded binary form (ABA)
    • Melody
      • 1st 3 note of violin 1 - important motif.
        • developed e.g. last note bar 24-26 (now all quavers) repeated over and over in a rising sequence.
      • 4th-6th notes of violin 1 - important motif.
        • developed e.g.  2nd half bar 3 it in inverted.
      • Melody mostly on violin 1 other than when violin 1 plays inverted pedal (all other parts play melody)
      • very scalic and arpegiaic.
      • In style of a jig - begins with annacrusis.
      • some chromatic phrases e.g. bar 25-26(3).
      • acciacaturas e.g. 2nd half bar 35 (violin 1).
    • Instrumentation
      • String quartet  2 violins, viola and a cello.
      • Violin 1 plays melody most of the time.
      • Violin 2, viola and cello play a simple, chord based accompaniment.
    • Texture
      • The texture is mainly melody-dominated homophony i.e. melody and accompaniment
        • Violin 1 mostly plays melody and other parts play a simple chord based accompaniment.
      • Adagio section is homorhythmic.
      • bars 110-115 are imitative.
      • Canon in bars 110-115 through all 4 parts.
      • Lots of pedal points e.g. dominant pedal bars 16-28.
      • Uses General Pauses (GPs) e.g. bar 155.
    • Tonality
      • mostly in Eb Major but modulates through Abmajor (bar 36) and Fminor(bar48) in the first episode(bars36-70).
      • diatonic with some chromatic decoration notes e.g. the Anatural in violin 1 bar 4(lower auxillary)
    • Harmony
      • Lots of pedal points e.g. dominant pedal bars 16-28.
      • inverted dominant pedal in violin 1 at bars 111-115.
      • First tonic pedal not heard until bar 107-111(1).
      • Mostly root position and first inversion chords.
      • Dominant 9th chord (Bb-D-F-C) at bar 149.
      • Use of perfect cadences e.g. last two bars (I-V7-I) - very classical.


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