Harmony

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  • Harmony
    • Beethoven Septet
      • Functional Harmony with clear cadences eg bar 28-9 in Eb
      • Imperfect cadence bar 7-8
      • Ic - V - I cadences eg bar 38 & 97
      • Occasional Chromatic harmony e.g. German 6th in b7
      • Harmonic Rhythm relatively slow
    • Debussy Saranbande
      • Non-Functional
      • Succession of chords rather than progression
      • Cadences eg bar 2 and 31-32 are 'odd' as using chords 3rd apart.
      • parallel 5th and 8ves & many 7th chords and some 9ths
      • re-harmonises melody when it returns
      • Use of Quartal harmony eg b23-28 & 67-60
    • Sweelinck
      • Most chords root (5/3) or 1st inversion (6/3).
      • Use of Imperfect and Perfect cadences
        • Section A and C = Perfect with tierce de Picardies
        • Section B = Imperfect Phrygian cadence (IVb-V)
    • Schumann
      • No. 1
        • Perfect cadences eg b21-22
        • Chord V's usually 7ths
        • Diminished 7th used in bar 1 beat 2
        • 4-3 suspension used in the inner part of bar 7
      • No. 3
        • Perfect cadences e.g. bar 20
        • Use of 7th chords
        • Neapolitan b13-15 in root position
      • No. 11
        • Cadences common but not traditional
        • secondary dominant used in bar 28
        • Imperfect cadences common
        • Chromatic harmony used
    • Bach
      • Functional Harmonic progressions
      • Harmonic Sequences eg bars 13-18
      • Mainly Root position and 1st inversion chords
      • 4-3 and 9-8 suspensions in bars 70-74
      • Dominant 7ths are frequent
      • Use of circle of 5ths - b35-42
      • Harmonic rhythm varies

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