Shift of power: from HARD to SOFT

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  • Hard Power
    • Power is shifting from military to economic, because without a strong economy, a military force was not be possible.
      • E.g. Crimeria annexation by RUSSIA- economic sanction placed on Russia- no MILITARY INTERVENTION
    • However, REALISTS argue that military power is still the most important currency for power in global politics.
      • E.g. SHOWN through INEVITABLY OF WAR- NUCLEAR WEAPONS
    • Whereas NEOLIBERALISTS believe trade links has made war more costly and, thus, less likely.
      • Shows that economic power is more of a currency of power in modern global politics, than military power
        • E.g. FRIEDMAN'S DELL THEORY OF CONFLICT PREVENTION
    • Growth in SOFT POWER, due to decline of military power
      • The ability to shape the preferences of others, through attraction, is more useful than hard power
        • E.g. SPREAD OF DEMOCRACY-ARAB spring 2011.
          • However, this led to conflict.
        • This happens mainly through WESTERNISATION & AMERICANISATION
          • CULTURE, POLITICAL BELIEFS & FOREIGN POLICIES
      • SOFT POWER is managing relationships and charisma
        • HARD POWER is organisational
          • Hard Power
            • Power is shifting from military to economic, because without a strong economy, a military force was not be possible.
              • E.g. Crimeria annexation by RUSSIA- economic sanction placed on Russia- no MILITARY INTERVENTION
            • However, REALISTS argue that military power is still the most important currency for power in global politics.
              • E.g. SHOWN through INEVITABLY OF WAR- NUCLEAR WEAPONS
            • Whereas NEOLIBERALISTS believe trade links has made war more costly and, thus, less likely.
              • Shows that economic power is more of a currency of power in modern global politics, than military power
                • E.g. FRIEDMAN'S DELL THEORY OF CONFLICT PREVENTION
            • Growth in SOFT POWER, due to decline of military power
              • The ability to shape the preferences of others, through attraction, is more useful than hard power
                • E.g. SPREAD OF DEMOCRACY-ARAB spring 2011.
                  • However, this led to conflict.
                • This happens mainly through WESTERNISATION & AMERICANISATION
                  • CULTURE, POLITICAL BELIEFS & FOREIGN POLICIES
              • SOFT POWER is managing relationships and charisma
                • HARD POWER is organisational

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