Haiti Earthquake

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  • Haiti Earthquake - 2010
    • What happened?
      • location
        • magnitude = 7
        • epicenter 16 miles West of Port-au-Prince
        • shallow focus - 5 miles
      • time/ speed of onset/ duration
        • initial earthquake lasted 30-40 seconds
        • 52 aftershocks measuring at least 4.5 on richter scale
        • last earthquake - 1946 Dominican Republic
      • tectonic situation
        • transform plate margin
          • Caribbean and North American plate
        • was caused by a slip along an existing fault in this area
          • Enriquillo-Plaintain Garden fault
    • impacts
      • short term
        • 316,000 dead
          • 25% of civil servants in Port au Prince died
        • 1 million made homeless
        • 3 million affected
        • main prison was destroyed
          • 4,000  prisoners escaped
        • airport was closed
        • no mobile or internet signal due to damage
      • long term
        • 1 in 5 lost their jobs due to building damage
        • difficult for Haiti to receive aid due to airport and poor management
        • clothing industry facilities damaged
          • damaged the economy as 66% of Haiti's exports are clothes
        • $10 billion worth of damage
          • more than Haiti's annual GDP
        • 6 months after - 98% of the rubble remained un-cleared
          • blocking vital access to roads
        • 2 million live on squatter land on which they do not own
    • preparation/ warning
      • Haitian officials ignored a local scientist who warned that a big earthquake was imminent a year before
    • development
      • HDI
        • ranked 148th
      • GDP
        • $12.92 billion
      • GDP per capita
        • $1,300
      • Population
        • 9,801,664

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