Haiti - Earthquake Case study

View mindmap
  • Haiti 2010 (seismic hazard in a LIC)
    • GeographicalContext
      • Shallow focus - 12.87 km deep.
      • Epicentre - 25.87 km from capital city.
      • 52 aftershocks - measuring 4.5 or greater.
      • LIC - on average people earn around < $1-2 a day in Haiti.
      • 25 doctors and 11 nurses per 100,000 people.
      • Less than 20% of 15+ people are literate.
      • Not a full recovery from hurricanesand storms in 2008.
      • Poor Building Construction
      • Small runway could only fit one cargo plane at a time - longer process to assess aid.
    • Responses
      • Long-Term
        • Haiti was dependent on overseas aid, including from China.
        • New homes were built to a higher standard although the response was slo.
        • One year on over one million were still living in temporary shelters.
        • The port needed rebuilding which required a large amount of investment. It is year behind schedule
        • Many residents remain dependent on aid agencies and donations from relatives abroad
        • Haiti's economic and social recovery is patchy. The airport is new but few traffic lights work on its roads.
      • Short-Term
        • Crucial Aid was slow to arrive due to damaged ports.
        • USA sent rescue teams and 100,000 troops
        • Bottled water and purification tablets were distributed.
        • 235,000 people were moved to less damaged cities away from Port-Au-Prince.
        • The UK government donated £23 million.
        • DominicanRepublic helped and flew in aid.
        • Plane loads of water, food,tents,medicine and rescue equipment arrived.
    • Impacts
      • Primary
        • Ground Shaking
          • Destruction of roads, bridges, fishing ports and irrigation
        • 230,000 killed, 30,000 injured, 1.3 million homeless,
        • Negative impact on economy, workers dead or injured
        • Hospitals collapsed
          • Unable to care for people
      • Secondary
        • 100,000 houses destroyed,200,000 damaged.
        • Airport and port destroyed.
          • No access for help from over sea aid.
        • Government building and Port-Au-Prince cathedral (landmark) destroyed in quakes.
        • Manufacturing facilities damaged.
          • Big knock on effect for the economy.
        • Water pipes broken lead to water born disease such as cholera.
        • Electrical wires broken meaning Haiti lost all contact.
    • Location
      • 7.0 on the Richter scale.
      • Lies on a conservaivve plate boundary.
      • The depth of the focus was 8km.
      • Located in the continent of North America.
      • Lies on the CaribbeanTectonic Plate.


No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Natural hazards resources »