Guilt and shame

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  • Guilt and Shame
    • Set
      • Nora is trapped by guilt
        • "shuts the door...and Helmer's study" - caught between T and a guilt free life          "hide" - N lies to T and her guilt makes her collude in T's treatment of her "us sky larks" reflection of T's language.
      • Appears open but really the family are trapped by guilt
        • "secluded atmosphere" - secrecy. Joe refuses guilt "I ignore what I gotta ignore" so Kate takes it on "If only i could" personal pronoun. "Be smart" - aware of the effects of Joe's guilt
    • Guilt from other relationships
      • Guilt from N and T almost ruins N's relationship with Dr Rank.
        • "show me the extent of your friendship" - how far she's willing to go to rid marriage of guilt but morals prevent this "rises" = metaphoric rise in principles and cataphoric reference to act 3 where she rises above guilt again.
      • Joe's and Kate's guilt affects Chris - the guilt over Larry's death constricts him.
        • "good son...good sucker" syntactical parallelism - Chris made to feel guilty for surviving so tries to please. "sawing off broken tree" symbolically putting Larry's memory to rest to rid family guilt. "
        • "stump standing alone" cataphoric reference to "Live" freeing him from all guilt. Chris and n = hope for new generation to move beyond guilt of ancestors
    • Lack of guilt and society
      • T has no real guilt is preoccupied by society role and Anne Marie guilt from society made her give up daughter
        • "No debts, never borrow" "a wife can't borrow" early reference to borrowed money and women's role pressures N.
        • "Poor girl" Anne Marie had to give up daughter but met "poor little Nora" rep of "poor" both lives revolve around guilt from society affecting choices because they're women.
      • Society makes Chris feel guilty. Joe thinks he is free from guilt
        • "bus accident" - he can't forgive wrong doing in terms of war including Joe so feels like he needs to reprimand him but feels guilty because he's his "father"
        • "He never flew a P-40" because he didn't directly kill Larry he isn't guilty. "They were all my sons" but he is
    • Last paragraph
      • Alternative ending
        • "sin against myself" - guilt for betraying Nora's integrity - accuses society guilty of accepting unrealistic ideals
      • American dream
        • "you don't love a man here, you eat him" - guilt because so obsessed with AD even above morals.
  • Nora is trapped by guilt
    • "shuts the door...and Helmer's study" - caught between T and a guilt free life          "hide" - N lies to T and her guilt makes her collude in T's treatment of her "us sky larks" reflection of T's language.

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