• Created by: cara12
  • Created on: 16-04-19 12:28
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  • Guidance and Feedback
    • Visual Guidance
      • Consists of the coach using visual cues to encourage learning. A demonstaration needs to be given accurately
        • allows learner to concentrate on the key components that determine the sucess of the whole skill/Good for cognitive stage of learning and the skill is simple
          • Often does not fully explain the reasoning behind coach points,whereas verbal does. At cognitive stage may prefer more guidance to allow them to move on
    • Verbal Guidance
      • Consists of coach using verbal instructions to clearly explain to the learner how the skill should be correctly performed
        • It can provide the addional information that visual guidance does not.It can be also used to improvr specific areas of weakness
          • Providing information in htis style can overload the performer with information.It can be hard for the performer to imagine how they can manually perform the skill
    • Intrinsic Feedback
      • Feedback from internal sources-how movement feels -Kinaesthetic
        • The feeling of balance during a handstand(gymnast -legs straight)
        • Improves the performer's kinaesthetic awarness.Useful for elite athletes to use as they rely on less external feedback
        • Learners at the cognitive stage of learning may not understand how a correct movement is supposed to feel
    • Extrinsic Feedback
      • Feedback from external sources
        • Netball goalkeeper sees the ball go into net  negative cheer from crowd
        • Useful for those in the cognitive stage/associative stages of learning. Improves focus and motivation
          • Disregards any kinaesthetic awarness of the movement. The performer becomes over-reliant on external gratification
    • Positive Feedback
      • Confirmation that an athlete is doing something correctly-praise
      • Increases self-efficacy, especially in the early stages of learning.Can lead to reinforcement of the correct response
        • Can lead to over confidence if used repeatdly
    • Negative Feedback
      • Identification of what the athlete is doing wrong
        • Negative feedback from a coach e.g footballer looking down at the ball coach giving him feedback learning from mistakes
        • It can prevent future errors being made.It can improve motivation and focus
          • It can reduce self-efficacy and motivation.particularly for those in the cognitive stage of learning


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