Guidance

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  • Guidance
    • Verbal Guidance
      • Verbal is used to describe the action and explain how to perform the activity
        • Verbal guidance for the more advanced performer is effective when perceptual info needs to be conveyed
      • Advantages
        • It can hold the attention of the performer if used accurately and can be used to motivate the performer
        • It can be in the form of feedback, which can be used to reinforce good movements and to identify errors that need correcting
      • Disadvatages
        • It can lead to 'information overload'- which can lead to confusion or distraction
        • The guidance given could be inaccurate and the perfomer may not develop the skills effectively
    • Mechanical Guidance
      • Mechanical guidance is when a piece of equipment or an aid is used to help a performer learn and practise a skill.
        • It is generally used at the early stages of learning.
      • Advantages
        • It can give the performer a greater sense of safety and help with their confidence
        • It can be used to isolate an important aspect of the skill to practice as a separate sub-routine
      • Disadvantages
        • It can be over-restrictive to the performer who feels a lack of control over the movement
        • It can lead to a 'false sense of kinaesthetics'
    • Visual Guidance
      • Disadvantages
        • The coach may not be able to show an accurate demo
        • The demo may be unclear or too quick for the performer to follow
        • The demo could be incorrect and therefore the performer could learn bad habits
      • Advantages
        • It can enable the skill to be seen in different stages to make it easier to learn
        • Encourages observational learning by drawing attention to important cues
        • The performer can find it easy to create a mental image of what is required
      • most common type of guidance when teaching movement skills
        • During the cognitive phase visual guidance helps the learner to create a mental image of the skill and its performance
          • The demonstration must be accurate so that there is no possibility of the learner building up an incorrect picture or to cause negative transfer
            • To avoid information overload, it is important to focus on only a few aspects of the skill.
    • Manual Guidance
      • Manual guidance is when a performer is physically guided or supported by the coach.
        • Manual guidance is provided during practice rather than performance.
          • Coaches should always explain to performers when, how and why they need to provide manual guidance. Performers may choose not to receive manual guidance if it makes them feel uncomfortable.
      • Advantages
        • It can give the performer a greater sense of safety and help with their confidence
        • It can be used to isolate an important aspect of the skill to practice as a separate sub-routine
        • Can help to reduce the risk of injury
      • Disadvantages
        • It can lead to a 'false sense of kinaesthetics'
        • It can be over-restrictive to the performer who feels a lack of control over the movement
        • Learner may become dependent on the support.
        • Child safety issues.

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