Gudjohnson and Bownes - attribution of blame

G543 - Turning to Crime 

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  • Created by: jade
  • Created on: 19-04-13 12:43
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  • Gudjohnson and Bownes - attribution of blame
  • Aim - To examine the relationship between type of offence and attribution of blame
    • Gudjohnson and Bownes - attribution of blame
  • 42 item 'blame attribution inventory'
    • Aim - To examine the relationship between type of offence and attribution of blame
    • measures within three dimensions
      • 42 item 'blame attribution inventory'
        • Guilt
      • internal/external
        • measures within three dimensions
          • Guilt
      • Mental Element
        • 80 Criminals serving sentences in Northern Ireland
          • Divided into three groups
            • 20 Participants committed violent offences
              • Divided into three groups
              • 40 Sex Offenders
                • 20 Participants committed property offences
                  • Results
                    • Guilt
                    • Mental Element
                  • Guilt
                  • Internal/External
                    • Results
                      • Mental Element
                  • Violence - 8.1
                    • Sexual - 12.7
                      • Property - 5.5
                        • Violence 5.8
                          • Internal/External
                          • Sexual - 2.4
                            • Property - 3.0
                              • Violence - 5.3
                                • Sexual - 5.7
                                  • Property - 4.0
                                    • Conclusions
                                      • When compared to English violent prisoners Irish violent Prisoners showed ...
                                        • Conclusions
                                        • Lower Mental Element
                                          • When compared to English violent prisoners Irish violent Prisoners showed ...
                                          • Lower Guilt
                                            • Higher external Attribution
                                              • This was the only difference - the violence could be because of the violence prevalent in Ireland at the time
                                                • Sample size is different for one group
                                                  • 80 Criminals serving sentences in Northern Ireland
                                                  • Decrease Validity
                                                    • Sample size is different for one group
                                                    • Attribution theory (Heider 1958)
                                                      • Locus of control
                                                    • Unavaliable to Public
                                                      • Low Trans-cultural Validity
                                                        • This was the only difference - the violence could be because of the violence prevalent in Ireland at the time
                                                        • Ethnocentric
                                                          • Reductionist  - does not consider situation only individual
                                                          • Holistic - looks at multiple crimes
                                                            • Low Ecological Validity
                                                              • Increased external Reliability
                                                                • increased Internal Reliability - all took the same test  - consistency

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