Growth And Development

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  • Growth and Development
    • Growth
      • An increase in some measured quantity, such as height or weight.
    • Development
      • Complex changes including an increase in skills, abilities and capabilities
    • Growth rates not consistent
    • Different parts of the body grow at different rates
    • Growth rates vary between children
    • Growth rates of boys is faster than girls
      • Men are usually taller than women
    • Growth rates also vary in different parts of the body
      • head circumference grows more rapidly than other areas in the first months of life.
      • When referring to growth it is important to consider two dimensions
        • -Weight Length/height
    • Birth & 6-8 weeks
      • Baby's head circumference is checked to check size and growth of brain
    • Changes in any one part have an impact on all of the others.
    • 4-5 Months
      • Baby's double birth weight
        • Triples by 1 year old
    • Age 2
      • healthy infant will be approximately half their adult height.
    • Growth measurements can help identify other issues such as if they are overweight or underweight.
    • First 2 years, infants length is measured lying down
    • From 2 years
      • Height is measured by standing
    • Centile lines
      • lines on a graph used to show average measurements of height, weight and head circumference. The lines represent the values of the measurements taking into account age and sex.
    • Development Norms
      • a description of an average set of expectations with respect to a young child’s development.
    • Milestone
      • An ability achieved by most children by a certain age. It can involve physical, social, emotional, cognitive and communication skills.
    • Health Visitor
      • Checks infant and plots measurements on graphs to make sure infant is meeting milestones
        • rowing as expected their weight will rise steadily following the centile lines marked on their growth chart.
        • Recorded in a personal child health record.
    • Development should be viewed holistically, as children acquire skills at varying/different rates in different areas of development
    • Physical Development
    • Emotional Development
    • Social Development
    • Infancy 0-2
    • Early childhood 3-8
    • Adolescence 9-18
    • Early Adulthood 19-45
    • Middle Adulthood 46-65
    • Later Adulthood 65+


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