Groups in the Civil War (Russia Revolution and Dictatorship)

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  • Created by: Sannalily
  • Created on: 22-05-18 12:47
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  • GROUPS IN THE CIVIL WAR
    • Greens
      • Sometimes would fight along side the Reds.
      • Biggest most successful group was the 'People's Army'
        • This group fought in Siberia.
        • Were led by Makhno who was a skilled Guerilla leader.
      • The Green army was made up of units of peasants who defended their own areas against both the Whites and the Reds.
        • They were quite often made up of deserters from other armies.
    • Whites
      • The whites were divided into three main groups.
        • Kolchak in the East
          • Siberia was led by Kolchak.
            • The Czech Legion controlled most of Siberia.
          • The Czech Legion was a part of Kolchak's forces and they numbered at 40,000.
          • In total Kolchak's forced numbered at 140,000 and were fairly successful until May-July 1919.
        • Yudnenich in the North West
          • Yudenich was based in Estonia and nearly was able to reach Petrograd with his army.
        • Denkin in the South.
          • In the South the 'Volunteer Army' was led by General Denkin.
          • Denkin's forces ended up in Crimea and 150,000 troops were evacuated by the British.
          • Troops had advanced within 150 miles of Moscow.
      • Whites were made up of Liberals, Tsarists, Nationalists, Separatists, SR's and some Socialists.
        • Problem was they were ideologically divided and geographically divided too
      • The only thing that these groups had in common was their anti-Bolshevism.
        • All of these groups had a problem with the way that they had come to power and that they had had no say.
        • They very often fought separately
        • Never fought together- as if they were having their own independent wars.
      • The Whites had large amount of support from foreign, capitalist European Allies like France and Britain.
    • Reds
      • Were responsible for the end of WW1 and had left over weapons and resources belonging to the allies.
        • Prepared for a war essentially.
      • Had the support of the national army.
        • This firstly because they are their supports (workers, sailors, soldiers)
          • Due to the fact that they believe in Communism- they were expecting a counter-revolution and were ready for it.
        • Also because they controlled government and all of the military facilities and resources
        • In addition to the forces in the army, they also had the Red Guards and their skilled soldiers.
      • Were united behind one clear aim- to stay in power.
  • The Bolsheviks were led by one United Front. ( Clear leaders in Lenin and Trotsky.
    • To the Bolsheviks the War was about survival so arguably had even more drive and motivation.
    • Also very united behind one common ideology- Communism.
    • Reds
      • Were responsible for the end of WW1 and had left over weapons and resources belonging to the allies.
        • Prepared for a war essentially.
      • Had the support of the national army.
        • This firstly because they are their supports (workers, sailors, soldiers)
          • Due to the fact that they believe in Communism- they were expecting a counter-revolution and were ready for it.
        • Also because they controlled government and all of the military facilities and resources
        • In addition to the forces in the army, they also had the Red Guards and their skilled soldiers.
      • Were united behind one clear aim- to stay in power.

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