Groups and teams

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  • Created by: b2e5n14
  • Created on: 31-01-21 14:45
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  • Groups and teams
    • Group or team?
      • Team
        • A collection of people working towards a common goal
      • Group
        • Two or more people who influence each other and are influenced by others
        • They must have
          • a common goal
          • Mutual awareness
          • Interactions
    • Steiners group productivity model
      • AP=PP-FP
      • Actual productivity (AP)
        • The team performance at the measured time
      • Potential productivity (PP)
        • The maximum capability of the examined team
      • Faulty processes (FP)
        • Factors that impede team cohesion and decrease performance
          • Can be coordinationalor motivational
      • How to decrease coordination losses
        • Focus on tactics in training
        • Develop social cohesion
        • Clarify individual roles
        • Select team players instead of talented individuals
      • How to decrease motivational losses
        • Maintain focus on the common goal
        • Bring in young players to challenge older ones
        • Reinforce good work
        • Select hard working players
    • Truckman group formation
      • 3- norming
        • Members accept given roles
      • 2- storming
        • Players fight for positions and roles
      • 4- performing
        • Members successfully complete their tasks
      • 1- forming
        • Players get to know each other
      • Not always a linear process can flow forwards and backwards
      • Team cohesion
        • Task cohesion
          • Team work together to complete a task
        • Social cohesion
          • Team work together because they like each other
    • Social loafing
      • A withdrawal of effort due to lack of responsibility
      • Caused by
        • Lack of motivation/ confidence
        • No identifiable role within team
        • High levels of anxiety
        • Negative environmental effects
        • Insufficient incentives
    • Ringlemann effect
      • As group size increases cohesion decreases
      • Players must work in tandem with each other
        • Less likely to be 100%if many players are together

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