Great Reform Act 1832

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  • Great Reform Act 1832
    • Causes
      • Campaigns and Events
        • 1819 Peterloo Massacre
        • Swing Riots in the South of England 1830
        • Cato Street Conspiracy
        • Days of May
      • Groups
        • Birmingham Political Union
        • Other political unions inspired by BPU
      • Tory Party Crisis
        • Catholic emancipation divided MPs
        • Resignation and death of Lord Liverpool
        • Wellington is unpopular - loses 1831 election
      • Emerging middle classes
        • Industrialisation brought about a new middle class
        • Powerful, influential and moral
        • Had power as shown in Days of May - needed to be enfranchised
    • Provisions
      • Enfranchised the middle classes
        • Electorate rose from 366,000 to 650,000 in England and Wales
        • Middle classes still reluctant for workers to have the vote
      • Redistributed boroughs and counties
        • Removed most rotten and pocket boroughs
        • Enfranchised the large industrial cities
      • Some injustices remained
        • Power still remained with landowners
        • No secret ballots
        • Working classes not enfranchised
        • Most MPs (370) were in the South, only 120 in the North
    • Consequences
      • Rise of Chartism
      • Rise of Reform Union and Reform League
      • Beginning of a period of reform
      • Whigs gained a reputation as reformers

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