chemistry graphite covalent bonding

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  • graphite
    • this is an allotrope of carbon
      • allotrope is a different form of something
    • every carbon atom has 4 electrons in the outer shell
    • in graphite, 3 of these electrons are used to form bonds to other carbon atoms
    • this means that bonding within the layers are strong
      • in graphite, 3 of these electrons are used to form bonds to other carbon atoms
    • the layers are able to slide over each other as there is no covalent bonds between them
      • this means that bonding within the layers are strong
      • the fourth electron is able to move freely through the structure( delocalised )
        • every carbon atom has 4 electrons in the outer shell
      • the electrons can carry a charge through the structure
        • therefore graphite has the ability to conduct electricity
          • the electrons can carry a charge through the structure
          • graphite is similar to metals as they contain delocalised electrons
            • the fourth electron is able to move freely through the structure( delocalised )

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