Grant et al

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  • Grant et al (1998)
    • Aim
      • To investigate context-dependant memory on recall and recognition.
    • Participants
      • 8 Psyc students were experimenters
      • Each experimenter recruited 5 participants.
      • 39 data sets acquired as one male had low test scores
      • 17 females and 23 males aged 17-56
    • Procedure
      • Ps randomly allocated to conditions
        • Silent Silent, Silent Noisy, Noisy Silent, Noisy Noisy
      • Standardised instructions read.
      • Ps wore headphones and had to read a 2 page article.
        • In Noisy study conditions background noise would be played
      • Given a recall test then a recognition test.
      • Each experimenter recruited 5 participants.
      • 2 minute break after reading
      • Debriefed
    • Results
      • Recall Test
        • Mean scores: **= 6.7 SN=5.4 NS=4.6 NN=6.2
      • Recognition Test
        • Mean Scores: **= 14.3 SN=12.7   NS= 12.7   NN= 14.3
    • Conclusions
      • Benefits to studying and testing in same conditions.
      • Students better off revising in silent conditions as this is how they will be tested.

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