Grammar for sentences

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  • Grammar - sentences
    • Functions
      • Declarative: give information
      • Interrogative: asking questions
      • Imperative: give instructions
      • Exclamatory: express feelings
    • Voice
      • Active
        • subject-verb-object
      • Passive
        • object-verb-subject
    • Types
      • Simple
        • one clause with one main verb
      • Compound
        • two or more coordinating clauses joined by coordinating conjunctions
          • Coordinating conjunction e.g and, but, or
      • Complex
        • main clause and subordinate clause, joined by a subordinating conjunction
          • Subordinating conjunction e.g until, while, after
      • Compound-Complex
        • contain both a connective and a subordinate clause
      • Minor
        • fragment of a sentence
    • Clauses
      • Conditional: express a condition
        • e.g if... then
      • Reason: gives a reason
        • e.g because...
      • Relative: gives more information about someone/something
        • e.g who, which

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