Grammar -Language Levels

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  • Grammar
    • Morphology: study of word formation
    • Syntax:structure of words and sentances
    • Descriptive:In favour of language change
    • root:A morpheme that can stand on its own
    • Prescriptivist:Against language change
    • Suffix:Comes after a root to modify meaning
    • Prefix: Before a root
    • Clause:group of word centered round a verb
    • Orthographic sentence:Contains capital letter and full stops but no verb.
    • Sentence Functions:Interrogative(questions), exclamatives(shout),declarative(statement),imperative(command).
    • Active Voice: the subject is doing something:
    • Passive voice: the subject is having something done to them.
    • Subordinate clause:two clauses, one can't stand alone.
    • Primary auxillary:joins with main verb to show tense.
    • Modal auxillary:joins with main to show degree of commitment
    • post-modifier:Comes after head wordto add detail.
    • Pre-modiefierGoes before head word to add detail.:
    • Inflectional function: the way affix shows grammatical category such as verb tense or pluaral noun.
    • Derivational function:the way a affix  helps form a new word by attaching to a root.
    • Qualifier:An additional word/phrase that adds further detail to the noun
    • Noun phrase: group of words built around a noun
    • verb Phrase: a group of words built around main verb.
    • head word:main noun in a phrase.

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