Government and Factionalism 1540-1547 (Henry VIII)

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  • Government and Factionalism 1540-1547
    • Conservative Faction
      • Associated with: Six Articles Act 1539; Fall of Cromwell 1540; Marriage to Catherine Howard 1540; Plot against Cranmer 1543; Plot against Catherine Parr 1543.
      • Leaders: Duke of Norfolk; Stephen Gardiner.
        • Stephen Gardiner lost favour when he suggested reinstating the Pope and attempted to plot against the Queen.
        • Duke of Somerset and his son were arrested December 1546 for treason and eventually executed.
      • Accepted Break From Rome but opposed doctrinal changes in the Church.
    • Reform Faction
      • Associated with: Foreign policy success in Scotland; Fall of Catherine Howard 1542; Marriage to Catherine Parr 1543; Plot against Gardiner 1544; Arrest of Norfolk 1545.
      • Leaders: Edward Seymour; Archbishop Cranmer.
        • Seymour would go on to make himself 'Lord Protecter' of young King Edward VI, taking the title of Duke of Somerset.
        • Cranmer would go on to be Edward's Archbishop of Canterbury until the end of his reign in 1553.
      • Accepted Break from Rome and saw it as an opportunity to introduce Protestant Doctrine.
      • October 1546 - Sir Anthony Denny (reformist) was made Chief Gentleman and of Privy Chamber and used the Dry Stamp to strengthen Edward's Regency Council's power.
    • Act of Succession 1544: Made Edward heir, then Mary, then Elizabeth. After this came the Suffolk family, ruling out Mary, Queen of Scots.
    • Marriage to Catherine Parr 1543
      • A protestant sympathiser and someone close to the Seymour family.
      • Viewed with suspicion by Gardiner and Wriothesley - almost arrested in 1546.
      • Acted as a mother to Edward and Elizabeth, making sure that they were firmly Protestant.

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