Goverment policy 1862-77

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  • Created on: 24-06-18 10:29
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  • Government action 1862-76
    • American Civil War 1861-65
      • North v South
        • Against slavery
        • For slavery
      • 1861: President Lincoln (against slavery) elected
        • South attacked North
      • Regular army from West withdrawn to fight
        • Increased migration West due to soldiers telling of good land
        • Increased lawlessness, civilian groups untrained
        • Indians attack more freely
    • End of Civil War 1865
      • 12 April 1865, Confederates (S) surrundered
      • Reconstruction of South needed
        • Fresh start wanted: increased migration West
      • Dealing with Confederate soldiers
        • Fresh start wanted: increased migration West
      • 3.5 million former slaves
        • Army returned to west
          • Decreased lawlessness and Indian attacks
      • 1862 Homestead Act
        • 160 acres of free land from government
          • Had to be lived on and farmed for 5 years
          • Those who hadn't fought against United States
          • Europeans qualified to make claim
        • Increased migration West
          • Increased lawlessness
      • 1866 Southern Homestead Act
        • Designed to help poor tenant farmers and sharecroppers in South
        • Only freed slaves and whites who hadn't fought against Union
          • Migration and immigration decreases- couldn't make claims
          • Theft of land increase due to wasted journeys
        • Sold land in South cheaply
      • 1873 Timber Culture Act
        • Additional 160 acres free land
          • 40 acres had to be planted with trees
          • Increased migration
        • Land available unsuitable due to rainfall and soil
        • Didn't have to live on land
          • Cattle ranchers claimed land under cowboy's names
            • Cattle eat grass, buffalo numbers decrease
      • 1877 Desert Land Act
        • Additional 640 acres of land available to buy cheaply.
          • $1.25 per acre
          • Increased settlement of West
          • Where low rainfall was a problem
            • Farmers failing
    • 1861: President Lincoln (against slavery) elected
      • South attacked North
    • Consequences

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