Goldsmith Revision

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  • Goldsmith
    • Forces
      • Extra Percussion
        • Boo bam
        • Xylophone
        • Congas (Afro-cuban influence)
        • Timbale
        • Friction Drum
        • Bass Resin Drum
        • Percussive use of the orchestra
        • Vibraslap
      • Ram's Horn
      • Tibetan Horn
      • Electric Harp
      • Electric Bass Clarinet
      • Symphonic orchestra
      • Instruments often play at the extreme end of their register
      • Plunger and cup mutes
      • Flutter-tonguing bar 55 in trombone
      • Terraced dynamics
      • Sfz. and accents
    • Harmony
      • Hexachords
      • Tone Row bs8-10 in the piano part
      • Chromatic harmony
      • Not functional, lacks cadences
      • Many chords are a result of a verticalised tone row e.g. bars 1-4
      • Pantonality at bars 42-43
    • Tonality
      • The piece is atonal
      • Tertiary relationship between keys
    • Rhythm & Metre
      • Rapidly changing metre
      • Begins in 3/4 changes to 5/4 at bar 10
      • Hemiola - congas at bar 16
      • Cross-rhythms bars 41-43
      • Frequent ostinati on the piano
      • Metre changes mark the end of sections
      • Syncopation
    • Melody
      • Often is derived from a 12 note row
      • Fragmentary and motivic
      • Retrograde inversion (bar 27 in harp, electric harp, clarinet and oboe)
      • Inversion b(32 - bass clarinet)
      • Retrograde (b23 double bass, bassoon and bass clarinet)
    • Structure
      • Piece is through-composed
      • Has different sections
    • Texture
      • The piece is largely homophonic
      • There is homorhythm in bars 1-4
      • There is a 2 part counterpoint in the strings at bars 74-83
      • Layered polyrhythmic texture bars 42-43

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