God's Eternity

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  • God's eternity
    • Timesless
      • Plato and Aristotle saw God must be outside and separate from both space and time
      • Aquinas saw  TIME and CHANGE as inseparable and since God cannot change, he cannot be within time
      • Augustine: "thy years neither come nor go, whereas ours both come and go"
      • God knows the past present and future simultaneously which gives the view of a perfect and unchanging God
      • Anselm argued that God is eternal because nothing can contain God
      • Boethius argued that God is changeable [impassable] and does not exist in time
        • Eternity is "the whole simultaneous and perfect possession of unending life"
    • Everlasting
      • God has always existed and will always exist but he moves through time
      • The most widespread view of eternity
      • swinburne = "there was no time at which he did not exist"
        • God seeing events simultaneously cannot be made sense of
      • In the Bible we find God intimately concerned with history = e.g his people of israel
    • Criticisms of a timeless God
      • Seems to contradict the reading of scripture = God PROMISING AND REMEMBERING
      • God being personal and active is harder to understand = logically too far removed
        • RESPONSE = God is not a person and acting personally in the Bible reflects peoples experiences and God using this language is analogical or symbolic
          • Seems to contradict the reading of scripture = God PROMISING AND REMEMBERING
      • Swinburne echoed Kenny's criticism that he could not 'make much sense' of simultaneous events
        • RESPONSE = he is timeless in the sense of being time free - Paul Helm
      • Love is a two-way process so how can God respond?
        • RESPONSE = God is loving because he sustains creation for people


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