Key Study: GODDEN AND BADDELEY 1975

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  • GODDEN AND BADDELEY 1975
    • AO1
      • AIM
        • To see whether words could be better remembered when recalled in the same environment in which they were learned, than in a different envrionment
      • PROCEDURE
        • 18 divers
          • given a list of words to learn
            • either given on the beach or 15 feet under the sea
              • they were then asked to recall the words either in the same environment or a different environment
                • 4 conditions: beach learned and beach recalled, sea learned and sea recalled, beach learned and sea recalled, sea learned and beach recalled
                  • they were also given a recognition test during learning and recall to reduce the effect of participant variables
      • FINDINGS
        • recall was 50% better in the same environment as learning
          • 40% better recall on the beach than under water
      • CONCLUSION
        • recall is considerably better if the context was the same in learning and recall. The fact recognition didnt change meant the recall was not affected by recognition
    • AO2
      • G-only used 18 divers so ungeneralisable
      • R-standardised procedure so could be replicated to show reliability.
      • A-has applications in education and revision
      • V-low ecological validity, although they were divers, they are not use to learning words under water as they knew they were in an experiment, they could have adapted their behvaiour to fit with it, reducing experimental validity
      • E-no ethical issues, gained informed consent, and were not harmed

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