God - Cosmological Arguments

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  • God - Cosmological Arguments
    • Empirical Arguments
      • Start from observations of the world
      • Arguing from general patterns in experience
      • Cosmological: From observing cause and effect we see the universe must have a cause
      • Teleological: We see the universe must have a designer
      • Problem of evil: Universe can't be the work of a benevolent creator
    • Aquinas
      • Argument from motion, change and necessity
      • Motion: Must have been a prime mover to set everything in motion
      • Cause: Every effect must have a cause. Something must have been a cause without itself = God
      • Necessity:  Something must have existed that was not contingent to ensure existence got started
    • Must it be God?
      • Big Bang = Description. Could God also have caused the big bang?
      • Cosmogony
        • Random Events
          • Void like conditions displayed fluctuations
          • Problems: Suggests that at some level, the universe didn't have a cause
        • Cyclical Models
          • Universe contracts to a big crunch which then becomes the next big bang
          • These models deny there has to be a beginning to the universe
    • The Kalam Cosmological Argument
      • Coined by William Lane Craig
      • Everything that begins to exist has a cause. Universe began to exist. Universe must have cause
      • Sequence can't go back indefinitely
      • Must be entity that doesn't require a cause ie God
      • Only God can be the cause of the universe
    • Hilbert's Hotel
      • Infinite Hotel with infinite number of guests
      • We couldn't build the hotel but theres nothing stopping one from existing


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