Goal Setting

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  • Goal Setting
    • Affects performance:
      • Ensuring effort is sustained until the goal is reached
        • Goals motivate performers to continue with their efforts and not to give up easily
      • By regulating the amount of effort that is put into a given task
        • This will ensure that there is no wasted effort on activities or movements that are unnecessary
      • By motivating people to develop a variety of strategies to reach their goals.
        • In sport, the development of successful tactics and strategies can make all the difference between winning and losing
      • By directing attention
        • Goals can focus performers on what needs to be done to improve performance in sport.
    • SMART goal setting
      • A: achievable
        • Goals that coaches and performers have talked about and shared are more likely to be achieved
      • M: measurable
        • Goals must be assessed and therefore need to be measurable
      • R: recorded
        • Goals that have been agreed should be recorded so that progress can be monitored
      • S:smart
        • Goals must be clear and specific
      • T: time-phased
        • Goals should be split into into short-term goals leading to long-term goals
      • Outcome Goals
        • Goals that are targets directed towards an end result of the activity- for example a goal of wanting to win a netball match
      • Process Goals
        • Goals that are used to improve a skill and are often related to technique- for example, improving a cricketer’s batting technique
      • Performance Goals
        • Goals that are directed towards the individuals end performance- for example, to improve the batting average for a cricketer


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