Globalisation mind map

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  • Globalisation
    • Held and McGrew
      • Define globalisation - The widening, the  deepening and the speeding up of worldwide interconnectedness.
    • Karofi and Mwanza and Castells
      • Argue that globalisation has led to a global criminal economy.
    • Hobbs and Dunningham
      • Glocalism - Global criminal networks work within local contexts as independent units.
        • For example, Human traffickers and the international drugs trade need local drug deals, pimps and sex clubs to provide a local supply.
      • Glocalism
    • Hobbs
      • Coined term Glocal to describe the interconnectivity between local and global groups which is the root of transnational crime.
    • Cybercrime
      • Detica
        • Estimates financial cyber crimes cost the UK approx 27 billion each year.
    • Human trafficking
      • The national crime agency estimates that in 2014 there were an around 13,000 people in Britain who were victims of slavery including women who were forced into prostitution.
    • The international illegal drug trade.
      • United  Nations office on Drugs and Crime estimated that the drug trade was worth $322 billion per year. Which is higher than the GDP of 88% of countries.
    • Transnational organised crime
      • Farr
        • Two main forms of global criminal networks: Established Mafias, Newer organised crime groups.
      • Glenny
        • Uses the term McMafia to describe how transnational crime mirrors legal transnational companies.
      • Castells
        • Emphasises the increasing international linkages between criminal groups with once regional and local criminal groupings in individual countries becoming deterritorialized.
    • How globalisation has effected crime.
      • Disorganised capitalism - Lash and Urry - Globalisation has resulted in less regulation. Companies move around send money across and work so they get lost profit possible. Taylor says the move has caused fewer jobs, increase in unemployment. Social cohesion is weakened.
      • Growing inequality - Taylor - Globalisation benefits rich and exploits venerable people in poorer countries.
      • Growing individualism - Bauman - late modernity which means increase in individualisation so people have to work hard to get things they want no more safety nets (welfare state). Taylor left alone to weigh costs and benefits from their decisions.
      • Global risk society - Beck - people have become more risk conscious. People stealing their things, identity etc. Media over plays fears and makes it appear worse.


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