Global Treaties

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  • GLOBAL TREATIES
    • Examples
      • RAMSAR  - protecting wetland areas
      • CITES - ban on ivory trade and endangered species trade
      • CCAMLR (marine)
      • IWC (marine)
    • Positives
      • Social
        • Border controls actively search for illegal trade
        • Provides jobs for locals to police the areas - needs local people to try and enforce it
        • International - massive global impact
        • Largest membership of all treaties - 179 parties (CITES)
      • Economic
        • more animals alive for tourists to see means more tourism
      • Environmental
        • Population numbers of endangered animals have massively increased
        • HAS protected species and still does - increased numbers in e.g. Zimbabwe
    • Negatives
      • Social
        • Hard to manage on an international scale
        • HUGE DEMAND - people are going to do what the treaties are telling them not to!
      • Economic
        • as it is illegal trade, prices increase as they are harder to get, making them worth more - black market rise
        • medicines, beauty products - increase in England because of immigrants - Asian populations
      • Environmental
        • Is not a law - only a treaty and not all countries need to be involved
    • DO THEY WORK?
      • African elephants could be extinct in 15 years
        • the population, currently 600,000, is diminishing by 38,000 each year
          • significantly exceeds elephant birth rates
        • worldwide illegal trade in wildlife is valued at £12.5 billion
        • in 2006, 11 metric tonnes of illegal ivory were seized from ships bound for Taiwan and Japan
        • The International Fund for Animal Welfare says immediate action needs to be taken
        • 20 years on from a ban on international ivory trade, elephants in Africa are still threatened by commercial poaching
      • African elephants are being killed in their thousands to feed demand for ivory
        • elephant poaching has been on the rise because of demand from Asia, where ivory is used for ornaments and in traditional medicine
  • Environmental
    • Population numbers of endangered animals have massively increased
    • HAS protected species and still does - increased numbers in e.g. Zimbabwe

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