Global Governance: Environmentalism

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  • Global governance: Environmental
    • The global commons
      • Shared global resources and environment e.g. oceans
    • The tragedy of the commons
      • States are motivates to harm the global commons to advance their national interests.
      • States act with realist motivations
    • Reducing climate change
      • NGOs e.g. WWF, Greenpeace pressure governments
      • City administration e..g London Congestion Charge 2003 Ken Livingstone
      • International Science Community e.g. IPCC
      • National laws and taxes e.f. UK Clean Air Act 1956
      • MNCs have Social responsibilty
    • Deep and shallow ecology
      • Deep = Preserve environment for environment sake
        • Rejects anthropocentrism
        • Failed to gain popular support
      • Shallow = Preserve the environment so humans can benefit from it
        • More pragmatic than deep because it is rooted in politics
    • Scepticism and denial
      • Not happening at all
      • Happening naturally and not caused by humans
      • Question the speed at which the Earth is warming
      • Trump in denial
      • Realists and Liberals
    • UNFCCC
      • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
      • Kyoto Protocol
      • The Paris Agreement
      • Wide membership
      • International driving force behind agreements
      • Understanding of developed and developing states challenges
    • IPCC
      • Assessments of the impact and extent of CC
      • Causes and risks of CC
      • Possible solutions to CC
      • Advises governments - no enforcements
      • Hundreds of scientists from different countries involved
      • Produces regular reports
      • Balanced and rigorous advice
    • International summits
      • The Paris Agreement
      • Kyoto Protocol


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