Global Development

  • Created by: frejwhit
  • Created on: 04-06-19 17:18
View mindmap
  • Global Development
    • Measures of development
      • GINI coefficient
        • measures inequality
      • Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)
        • level of corruption in the public sector
      • Human Development Index (HDI)
        • Calculated using life expectancy, education level and income per head
      • Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita
        • total value of goods and services produced by a country annually
    • focus in development on:
      • access to food
      • access to water
      • access to shelter
      • Opportunities to participate in community life
    • global patterns of development
      • splits the world into the global north and the global south
        • Global North
          • Includes developed parts of East Asia, Australia and New Zealand
          • More privileges such as good housing, technology and education
          • People are a lot wealthier
        • Global South
          • Poorer people
          • Live in poverty
      • Global wealth mainly in North America, Europe and Asia
        • USA + Japan + China + Germany > 50% of the world economy
      • USA accounts for 24% of the worlds GDP
    • Physical Factors Causing Uneven Development
      • Few raw materials
        • raw materials are sold in exchange for money. if a country doesnt have many raw materials it will have to find an alternative
        • countries may have many natural resources but are unable to exploit them because of the lack of infrastructure
      • Poor climate
        • leads to poor food production
          • causes malnutrition and a poor quality of life
        • Fewer crops available to sell reduces money available to spend on services and goods
        • Less is sold and bought so government receives lower taxes
          • Less money spent on development
      • Frequent Natural Hazards
        • Countries spend a lot of money repairing natural disaster damage
          • Reduce money being spent on development
      • Poor farming land
        • poor food production
          • causes malnutrition and a poor quality of life
    • Historical Factors Causing Uneven Development
      • Conflict
        • Healthcare is poor so infant mortality rates increase
        • Finance is spent on weapons
        • people die and infrastructure is damaged
      • Colonilisation
        • Countries that were once colonised are often less developed than if they had ever been a colony
    • Economic Factors Causing Uneven Development
      • Loss of debt
        • poor countries often have to get loans from wealthier countries
          • borrowed money has to be repaid, often with interest
        • a country in debt cant spend on developing as it has d=to repay debts first
      • An economy dominated by primary production
        • primary products are raw
        • less developed country as primary products aren't very profitable
        • price is often less than production cost
      • Poor trade links
        • limit a country's revenue and therefore the amount of money available to invest n development

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Development resources »