Global Commons

  • Created by: Amy_Hut
  • Created on: 23-03-21 13:20
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  • Global Commons
    • What is the global commons?
      • Resource domains or areas that lie outside of the political reach of any one nation state
      • Supra-national spaces which common shared resources are found
      • The high seas, the atmosphere, outer space and Antarctica are the main global commons
        • Cyberspace has emerged as a potential new one
    • Tragedy of the commons
      • Concept explains why shared resources are likely to be over-exploited
        • E.g. The global fish stocks
      • Individuals act independently and to their own self-interest
        • This means that the shared resource will become depleted
    • Legal issues & international frameworks
      • High seas = UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)
      • Atmosphere = United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC(
        • Also Montreal Protocol and Kyoto Protocol
      • Antarctica = ATS
      • Outer space = 1979 Moon Treaty and the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space


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