Ghana (1)

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  • Ghana
    • Location
      • West Coast of Africa
        • Between Cote D'Ivoire and Togo
      • Gulf of Guinea
      • Recent rapid economic development
      • 2 Large rivers
        • Black Volta
        • White Volta
      • Producer of petroleum and natural gas
      • Largest gold and diamond producer
      • Second largest producer of cocoa
      • 3 climate zones
        • Hot + wet - south west
        • Warm + dry - south east
        • Hot + dry - seasonal rainfall - North & East
    • Colonialism
      • C15th Portuguese traders established Portuguese gold coast in West Africa
      • The Dutch, Danish, Germans and Swedish set up trading venues along coast
        • Forts and casltes
      • British took control - 1874- called British Gold Coast
      • Accra established as captial
        • money invested in schools, roads and railways and communications
      • Cocoa tree introduced in 1878 as cash crop
        • Ghana became one of the leading producers within 50yrs
      • Gained independence in 1957
        • Democracy - over 18s allowed to vote
          • Urgent need for manufacture industries to develop
      • Remained mostly substance agriculture and mining
    • Neo- colonialism (dependency)
      • Ghana has wealth of natural resources
      • Recently made links with MNCs and China to develop trade and exports
      • Digital based manufacturing plants built to produce tablets and smart phones
      • MNCs stimulated economy- new jobs
      • including mining, petroleum, telecommunications, banking- MNT, Vodafone, Guinness, Unilever and Zain
      • Ghana set up own telecoms MNC- rig communications
      • Cocoa farming
        • Links to MNCs
        • 720,000 cocoa farmers
        • 2008 Cadbury set up Ghana Cocoa partnership
          • investing £45 million over 45 years
    • Globalisation
      • Ghana's Takoradi Harbour built in 1928
        • helped develop one of the worlds fastest growing shipping industries
      • Recently GDP increased rapidly
        • by 14% in 2011, 8.7% 2012
        • Mainly due to links with other countries around the world
      • Recently adopted an economic plan
        • Ghana vision
        • Aims to get Ghana accepted as MEDC but first as an NIC
      • made deal with China in exchange for HEP
      • Cargo built cocoa producing plant

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