Germany from 1918 - 1939

Help with Germany for GCSE from 1918-1939

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  • Created by: Emily
  • Created on: 18-12-12 11:50
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  • Germany from 1918 - 1939
    • By 1918, Germany was in a desperate state
      • Germany was on the verge of defeat and revolution
        • Over 7 million Germans were either wounded or killed in WWI
      • German's were divided on who to blame for the disaster
        • 32% were in favour of Capitalism
        • 34% were in favour of Germany becoming a Communist Country
        • 34% were in favour of Sven Goran Eriksson
      • Thousands of factories were now owned by their workers
        • There was a huge uproar and this was inspired by the Russian Revolution
          • Huge demonstrati-ons took place in Berlin
            • From this movement there came the German Communist Party
              • The KPD
            • The King even fled!
      • 15 years later, not much had changed. The Government was called 'The Weimar Republic.'
        • During 15 years 356 politicians had been assinated!
        • They could not pay anything and had huge mounting debts
          • To pay the workers who needed to be paid, the Government printed off paper money for them!
            • There was a shortage of everything!
              • The  Nazi Party took over. The leader of this party was Adolf Hitler
                • The Nazi Beliefs:
                  • Lebensraum- Need for German Nation to expand
                  • A Strong Germany - The Treaty of Versailles should be abolished
                  • Fuhrere - A single leader with complete power - not a democracy
                  • Social Darwinism - The Aryan Race was superior
                  • Autarky - Germany should be economicallyself - sufficient
                  • Germany was in danger
                • Who they were popular with
                  • Nationalists and racists
                  • Farmers
                  • Lower middle class - e.g. plumbers, shopkeepers
                    • People who were worried about the Chaos Germany was in
                  • The Rich who were worried by the threat of the Coimmunists
                • Use Crude slogans to introduce his policies
    • The  Nazi Party took over. The leader of this party was Adolf Hitler
      • The Nazi Beliefs:
        • Lebensraum- Need for German Nation to expand
        • A Strong Germany - The Treaty of Versailles should be abolished
        • Fuhrere - A single leader with complete power - not a democracy
        • Social Darwinism - The Aryan Race was superior
        • Autarky - Germany should be economicallyself - sufficient
        • Germany was in danger
      • Who they were popular with
        • Nationalists and racists
        • Farmers
        • Lower middle class - e.g. plumbers, shopkeepers
          • People who were worried about the Chaos Germany was in
        • The Rich who were worried by the threat of the Coimmunists
      • Use Crude slogans to introduce his policies
    • In January 1933, Hitler became Chancellor of Germany and by August 1934, Hitler had declared himself as the leader of Germany
      • Trade Unions are abolished
      • Political Parties are banned
      • In August 1934, when Hindenburg dies, Hitler declared himself as jointly president, chancellor and Head of the army.
      • Key Structures
        • Religion - It was a threat to the Nazi's control over people
        • Government - Nazi's had absolute control
        • Culture
        • Work
        • Education and Youth - controlled what to believe
        • Terror
        • Properganda
      • He had the local government re-organised
    • Although he was not popular with everybody
      • He had firm racial policies
      • Tried to eliminate jews
      • Killed 85% of Germany's gypsies
      • Sterilised black people
      • Killed mentally disabled babies
      • Killed mentally ill patients

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