Germany at the end of WW2

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  • Germany at the end of WW2
    • Key words: Grand alliance - Britain, USA and USSR together fighting Germany (marriage of convenience) Cold War - the rivalry that developed at the end of WW2 between the USA and USSR Lasted nearly 50 years. Communism - political and economic system of the USSR. Democracy - political system of USA and allies. Exists alonside capitalism
    • German cities lay in ruins. Victorious allies took control. Many leading Nazis committed suicide. Hundreds and thousands were homeless. There were millions of refugees - both entering and leaving.
    • Villages and towns where refugees were sent often found their resources overstretched, with competition for food and housing, and overcrowding and ill health. The physical and psychological health of people from concentration camps was awful.
      • There was mass rape by the soviet soldiers and robberies. People thought Germany deserved all this.
    • Priorities in 1945 for the allies: people wanted to make Germany an agrarian state;de-industrialise it
      • Short term: Food, Fuel, transport, energy, housing, health, sanitation.
      • Long term: Democracy: But in what form? Can't do another Weimar. The USSR and the USA have differing definitions of democracy. De-Militarise Germy: How? How much? De-Nazification, Economic recovery; but socialism or capitalism? Reperations; but where from and how much (the USSR wanted to take everything back to Russia)
  • There was mass rape by the soviet soldiers and robberies. People thought Germany deserved all this.

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