Germany 1918-1945

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  • Germany 1918-1945
    • Adolf Hitler
      • Hitler fought for the Germans during World War I, and he was dismayed with the destruction of Germany from the sanctions levied in the Treaty of Versailles. He rose to power in the National Socialist German Workers Party, which was an extremely nationalistic political party that sought to restore Germany to its previous position as a world power. He used his position atop this party and the dire economic situation of Germany to stir up public sentiment against foreigners, Jews and other groups that he blamed for Germany's collapse.
        • The public fervor allowed him to conscript German forces for the first time since the end of World War I. He invaded part of Poland and began sending civilians to concentration camps, where they faced hard labor, awful conditions and often death. As he sought to expand Germany's control over Europe, much of the rest of the world entered the war. Hitler would eventually capture huge swaths of Europe, including Poland and France. However, the surrender of Japan, the influx of American forces into Europe and an ill-advised attempt to invade Russia led to the downfall of his forces. Facing certain defeat, Hitler committed suicide in his bunker in 1945.
    • Joseph Goebbels
      • Goebbels was Hitler’s Minister of  Propaganda and one of the most important and influential people in Nazi Germany.
        • Goebbels joined the Nazi Party in 1922 and after ascending to the rank of Gauleiter  of Berlin within four years, he was appointed the party’s propaganda minister in 1929. He edited a weekly newspaper called  Der Angriff (The Assault) and also drew attention to National Socialist principles through provocative speeches. In 1933, following  Hitler’s assumption of power, he became the Reich Minister for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda.
    • Heinrich Himmler
      • Heinrich Himmler was commander of Hitler's Schutzstaffel, and later of the Gestapo in Nazi Germany. After World War II, he committed suicide to escape capture.
    • Erich Ludendorff
      • Erich Ludendorff was of Germany’s senior army commanders in World War One. Ludendorff found fame after German victories at Tannenburg and the Masurian Lakes. Working with Paul von Hindenburg, he was responsible for destroying Russia’s army on the Eastern Front.
    • Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg
      • In Berlin on 15 January, 1919, an     un-named man was delivered to a morgue with gunshot wounds. That same night a woman was hit with the **** of a rifle, before being shot in the back of the head.
        • Her body was then thrown into a nearby canal. These two acts of violence were neither mindless nor random. Rather, these two murders were fundamentally linked. The man and woman in question were Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg and together they had led the Spartacist Uprising, an attempt to overthrow the post-war government and begin a socialist revolution in Germany.
    • Wolfgang Kapp
      • Wolfgang Kapp led the Kapp Putsch in Weimar Germany. Kapp was a right-wing nationalist who was greatly angered by the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, which he felt humiliated Germany. Kapp held Friedrich Ebert and his government responsible for such a humiliation and attempted to overthrow the government – an attempt that ended in failure


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