German Political Culture remained conservative and support for democracy was often superficial

  • Created by: 11lesterm
  • Created on: 18-03-18 17:59
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  • German Political Culture remained conservative and support for democracy was often superficial
    • Factors undermining democracy
      • 'stab in the back'
      • TOV
        • Led to belief that gains of revolution were undone
        • Public assumed it would follow Wilson's 14 points
        • Diktat
      • Appeal of soviet Communism
      • Actions of Bruning, von Papen and von Schleicher
      • Bismarck's legacy - Germany built on conservatism
      • Social Darwinism
      • Militarism, Racism and Nationalism
    • Spartacist Revolt
      • They had no real strategy
      • Govt. led by defense minister Noske had backing of army troops and 120 irregular military-style groups
      • Event created troubled atmosphere in following months
      • More serious trouble in Bavaria in April resulted in short-lived soviet-type republic being established but again crushed by Freikorps
      • The infant Republic had survived the traumas of its birth
    • Public feeling about Weimar govt.
      • German people unable to forgive the WR for signing armistice and TOV
      • Hindenburg elected President in 1925 and was first to voice 'stab in the back'
      • Hindenburg acted as a substitute Kaiser - Ersatzkaiser
      • Hindenburg's public popularity was due to his pre-republic position and his lukewarm commitment to WR

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