GEOGRAPHY RESTLESS EARTH CASE STUDIES

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  • Created by: C.P.
  • Created on: 03-04-13 21:13
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  • RESTLESS EARTH
    • FOLD MOUNTAINS THE ALPS
      • MINING
        • Salt, iron ore, gold,silver and copper were mined in the Alps.
        • This has declined due to the availablity of cheaper foriegn sources.
      • FARMING
        • The steep upland areas are used to farm goats whcih provide molk cheese and meat.
        • Some sunnier slopes have been terraced to plant vineyards e.g. lavaux switzerland
      • TOURISM
        • 100 million tourists visit the Alps every year.
        • 70% of tourists visit the mountains to ski.
        • New villages have been built to cater for the influx of tourists.
        • Ski lifts pepper the landscape.
      • HYDRO ELECTRIC POWER
        • The narrow valleys are dammed to generate HEP eg Berne in Switzerland.
        • Switzerland gets 60% of its electricity from HEP stations in the Alps.
        • The electricity produces is used locally to power homes and business.
        • Alos exported to twons and cities futher away.
      • FORESTRY
        • Scots pine is planted all over the Alps becuase its more resiliant to the munching goats which kill native saplings.
        • The trees are logged and sold to make thing such as furniture
    • VOLCANOES-MT ST HELENS
      • CAUSES OF ERUPTION
        • Tremors and movement for 3 months
      • PRIMARY EFFECTS
        • Large mudslides from the melted glacier
        • Pyroclastic flows at speeds of 100mph-700mph
        • 57 died
      • SECONDARY EFFECTS
        • Loss of farm land
        • Jobs lost for diggers
        • Repairs needed for homes and bridges
      • SHORT TERM RESPONSES
        • Mobilising helicopters to rescue stranded survivors
        • President Carter sent out 2 million masks due to a mask shortage
      • LONG TERM RESPONSES
        • 10 million trees replanted
        • Johnstone observatory created to monitor volcanic activity
    • SUPER VOLCANOES- YELLOWSTONE
      • PRIMARY EFFECTS
        • 10,000km3 of land erupted
        • 25 mile high ash cloud
        • Everything within a 100 mile radius of the eruption will be destroyed
      • SECONDARY EFFECTS
        • 2/3 USA uninhabitable
        • European ice age
        • World economy breakdwon due to USA
    • EARTHQUAKES
      • POOR-PAKISTAN
        • PRIMARY EFFECTS
          • 80,000 deaths
          • Entire villages flattened
        • SHORT TERM RESPONSES
          • Help didnt arrive for weeks increasing casulties
          • Helicopter from other countries helped
        • SECONDARY EFFECTS
          • landslides burried people.
          • Winter conitions after the earthquake caused rescue to be interupted
        • LONG TERM RESPONSES
          • 40,000 were relocated to a new town from the destroyed area of Balakot
          • New health centres were set up.
      • RICH-ITALY
        • PRIMARY EFFECTS
          • 290 deaths
          • A bridge near Fossa collapsed
        • SECONDARY EFFECTS
          • Broken waterpipe caused a landslide
          • Aftershocks hampered rescue efforts.
        • IMMEDIATE RESPONSES
          • Camps set up
          • Cranes removed rubble.
        • LONG TERM RESPONSES
          • Prime minister built new town to replace L'aquilla
          • Investigation set up as to why the buldings didnt withstand the earthquake.
    • TSUNAMI
      • BOXING DAY TSUNAMI
        • CAUSE
          • 9.3 earthquake- indian ocean
          • Planet moved half an inch
        • PRIMARY EFFECTS
          • 200,000 dead
          • Disease from the dead
          • Millions homeless
        • SECONDARY EFFECTS
          • Crops cant grow due to soil being inundated
          • Loss of tourism
        • SHORT TERM RESPONSES
          • Hundreds of millions of pounds were pledged to assist from foreign goverments
          • Foreign countires sent ships to help .
        • LONG TERM RESPONSES
          • Tsunami warning system set up in Indian ocean
          • Billions of pounds set up to rebuild its infrastructure

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