Geography Unit 3: Case studies

A mind map showing information on all the case studies we have covered in unit 3 of GCSE geography specification B.

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  • Created by: E Robo
  • Created on: 02-05-13 13:49
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  • Geography Unit 3: Case studies
    • Specialist tourism: Antartica
      • Nature creates impressive land marks such as ice bergs, ice arches and melt water over water walls
      • Unique ecosystems and animals
      • Unique sporting oppertunities
      • Sustainable by small boats and air crafts unable  to disturb wildlife
      • Noise kept to a minimum
      • Certain areas out of bounds
      • Care must be taken to minimise plant damage
    • Mass tourism: Spain
      • Advantages
        • infrastructure  improvement
        • Creates jobs
        • Income helps maintain historic buildings
        • 80% revenu from tourism in Majorca 50% of jobs
        • £61.2 billion per yeer year from toruism
      • Disadvantages
        • Raised house prices
        • profit goes to foreign companies
        • Jobs are seasonal and poorly paid
        • Culture changes
        • Increased pollution by transport
      • Attractions
        • La Sangrada    Familia
        • Terra Mitica Benidorm theme park
        • Picos de Europa national park
        • Climate
        • Palacio Real Madrid
        • 12% covered in national park
    • MEDC: Lake District
      • Attractions
        • Lake Windermere
        • Coast aquaria Marine centre
        • Canoeing, swimming sailing oppertunities
        • Walking and cycling
        • Dramatic natural landscape
      • Advantages
        • Supports local infrastructure
        • 30% employment through tourism
        • Green Globe awarded the lake district with the first 'Green Globe destination' in the world for having elements of sustainable tourism
      • Disadvantages
        • Seasonal employment low wages
        • Raised house prices
        • litter
        • air pollution from congestion
        • foot path erosion
        • congestion
      • Conflicts and Management
        • National trust buys land in order to preserve it
        • conservationist from british trust to repair paths and walls
        • conflicts arise between tourism and locals as congestion disrupts daily routine
        • conflicts between farmers and tourists
        • visitors buying second homes conflicts with long term locals
    • LEDC: Kenya
      • Attractions
        • Maasi Mara wild life park
        • Mount Kenya
        • Climate
        • Lake Victoria
        • Old Gedi- abandoned city developed since 15th century
      • Advantages
        • $1 billion generated from tourism
        • improves infrastructure
        • Local traditions preserved
        • jobs created
      • Disadvantages
        • Low skilled  low wage jobs
        • as little as 15% of profits may actual reach local community
        • Poor treatments of locals by tourists
        • Money for development may be borrowed increasing debt
        • noise pollutions
        • loss of animal habitat
      • Conflicts and management
        • Conflict between trades men and tourists
        • Government bans to prevent developers taking over
        • conflict between locals and foreign companies who exploit the locals for profit
        • Eco-tourism  ratings rate on environmental and social impact
        • Poor treatment of locals causes conflict
        • conflicts between developers and envirnmentlists due to conflicting priorities
    • Eco tourism: Exploreans Mara Rianta Camp, Kenya
      • Solar energy  provides 75% of energy usage
      • Water bole hole is main water source
      • Biodegradable waste is composted in restaurant garden
      • Camp designed to blend in with surroundings
      • 48% of staff are locals who are provided with healthcare, food and transport
      • Plastic bottles are transported to near by Narok to be recycled
      • LED bulbs are used to increase efficiency
    • Recline in Tourism: Blackpool
      • Why did it grow as a tourist destination in the 1800s?
        • Coastal location
        • wealthy hloiday maker wished to leave the city
        • Climate was an attraction
        • easy accssess
      • Why did it decline ans a tourist destination?
        • Increase in overseas package holidays better weather same price
        • Image decline- did not attract any investment
        • Disposable income increase so people can afford to travel abroad
        • 18-30 attracted to Magaluf and Benidorm instead
      • What has been do to rejuvenate Blackpool?
        • 1942 Donkey charter
        • £62 million sea front
        • coastal protection reconstruction to damaged sea defences e.g. Spanish steps
        • Revitalised promenade changed for cyclists and  pedestrians
        • Redeveloped B+Bs minimum quality standards
        • 5 year 81 million pound 7 mile sea wall construction
    • Fair trade tourism: Bulungula Lodge, South Africa
      • What has the Bulungula Lodge achieved?
        • Fair wages and working conditions
        • a fair share of the profits
        • Long term trading security
        • community developed oppertunites
        • access to new  markets
        • Community developed opportunities
      • Bulungula has established a number of HIV awareness programmes and helps staff access anti viral drugs
      • Bulungula Lodge has helped the community to begin 100% community owned enterprises which include horse riding, fishing, sewing and cooking
      • created jobs for 33 families

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