Kobe, Japan earthquake case study

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  • Geography: case study of an MEDC earthquake- Kobe, Japan
    • Primary effects
      • 300,000 people left homeless
      • railway lines and elevated roads destroyed
      • It cost £220 million to rebuild Kobe
      • 40,000 people injured
      • Buildings collapsed
      • 6,434 people died
    • Immediate responses
      • Temporary shelters built
      • Hospitals treated injuries
      • Motorola opened their phone line to everyone to contact trapped relatives
      • Searches carried out and helped by emergency services
    • Secondary effects
      • Companies such as Panasonic closed
        • Problems for the economy
      • 2 million homes without water for 10 days
      • 150 fires caused by ruptured gas mains
      • 1 million homes without electricity for 10 days
    • Long term responses
      • 80% of railways repaired within a month
      • Buildings and roads repaired by July 1996
      • The port was fully operational within a year
      • Major changes made to buildings
        • Flexible steel frames
        • Rubber foundations
    • 17th January 1995 5:46am
    • Cause
      • Philippines plate subducting under the Eurasian plate along the Nojima fault line
    • Magnitude 7.2

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