geography section 4- settlement

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  • geography section four-settlement
    • urbanisation
      • definition:  the net movement of people from the country to the city.
      • urbanisation is common in LEDC's because there is a lower concentration of people living in the city.
        • example: in the UK (MEDC) there are 80% of people living in urban areas wheras there are only 25% of the Bangladeshi population living in urban areas (LEDC)
      • urbanisation is caused by rural-urban migration.
        • pull factors include higher wages,more jobs and better services and health care.
        • push factors: fewer jobs, lower wages and lack of pubic services.
      • impacts include overcrowding, traffic and pollution, squatter settlements and even fewer services in rural area due to lower demand.
    • counter-urbanisation
      • definition: the net movement of people from the city to the country
      • common in medcs because majority live in urban areas
        • push factors; high pollution, traffic,higher crime rate and higher housing prices.
        • pull factors: cleaner, less traffic and pollutions, less stressful life style
      • impacts of counter-urbanisation include cities becoming even more run down in high crime areas and increasing house price in the country side.
    • urban land use
      • the suburbs- housing areas towards the edge of the city. more curved roads and detached housing,
      • inner city - around the cbd and contains old buildings of a lower quality, high quantities of terraced housing.
      • central business district - commercial centre that includes offices and big retailers
      • rural urban fringe - a mix between rural and urban land uses (eg. farms snd factories)
    • retail services
      • high order goods are only bought occasionally but are expensive
      • low order goods are  cheap and bought regularly
      • threshold population - the minimum population needed  to support a shop
      • since larger shops sell high order goods they have a high threshold population. they also have a high rent because they are located nearer to the cbd. corner and village shops are the opposite.
  • urban land use
    • the suburbs- housing areas towards the edge of the city. more curved roads and detached housing,
    • inner city - around the cbd and contains old buildings of a lower quality, high quantities of terraced housing.
    • central business district - commercial centre that includes offices and big retailers
    • rural urban fringe - a mix between rural and urban land uses (eg. farms snd factories)

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