Geography regenerating places case studies

  • Created by: 13cr240
  • Created on: 21-06-19 15:21
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  • Regenerating places- case studies
    • High speed railway2
      • Reduce journey times eg London to Birmingham only 50minutes
      • Remove north- south divide as increase opportunity in north
      • 70% of expected jobs outside of London
      • 100'000 potential jobs
      • Increase UKs GDP. productivity and transport costs
      • reduce congestion and reliance on fossil fuels
      • relive congestion
      • London region will benefit more as commuters from further away
      • The HS2 alliance campaign against the project
      • Completed in 2026
    • Airport expansion
      • Many MPs, mayor, Greenpeace, governments and celebrities are against it
      • Unbeneficial as it would cause pollution and high population density means not ideal location to build one
      • Business leaders including Richard Branson want the idea
      • It would generate wealth, local jobs, ensure area keeps up with demand as its running at full capacity now
      • 3rd runway at Heathrow
      • In 2001 almost 40% of all overseas visitors passed through Heathrow
      • Richard Branson stated the country is "held back" without it
      • estimated £18.6 billion which is private and publicly. funded
    • Londons tax incentives
      • Removed entry barriers in stock exchange
      • Before. docks were derelict, 6000 acres
      • Only 1 bus route
      • West Indies dock unloadedFruit and berth unto. 600. ships. at once
      • Now Londons 2nd CBD with high offices and banks
      • Extended-the jubilee. line and built dockland light railway
      • Lime house road. linked new London city airport
      • 14 new schools.
      • Now. only 0.5% of Canary Wharf are over 65
    • Cambridge science park
      • Largest science park linked to the university
      • Built in 1970s on redundant defence site
      • Campus has attracted many TNCs eg Cancer research
    • Retail led regeneration
      • Government spent £1 billion in 2014 on growth of high streets
      • In 2015 schemes like "Britains bests high stree"
      • Changed business rates to allow. small business to compete
    • Olympic park regeneration
      • 560 acres of parkland with trails, walking, cycling routes created
      • Aquatics. centre now a swimming pool and velodrome and. copper box now used for events
      • Olympic stadium now home to West Ham united and holds Invictus games
      • Games cost. of £9.3 billion
      • Money returned. through tickets, selling of athletes homes
      • The queen Elizabeth park has had 4 million visitors since opening
      • Clays lane estate was. created in 1977 for vulnerable people in Newham but this was the site designated for the Athletes village causing 430 residents to be evicted
      • UK hasn't become healthier
      • Gentrification pushed out locals
      • Athletes village flats entry level is. £250'000for. 3 bedrooms
      • Overspent on games
      • 10'000. new homes and 3 health centres
      • Broader demographic base as influx and better image
      • 6000 new. sports projects
      • 98% of demolition waste was torn down and recycled
      • 200 electric vehicles transported althles
      • 45 acres of habitat
      • New housing is zero carbon
      • The area was chosen as it had high population density, income was £8000 less than rest of London and unemployment was 7.8%
      • 380businesses needed relocated
      • 1.2% reduction-in London unemployment rate in 2012
      • Westfield shoppingcentreopened
    • Powys regernation
      • Funded by welsh government and the EU
      • Funding for rural areas given grants for clamping sites, wildlife tourism and workshops
      • 2011-13 gave. 4million in grants helping 310 businesses across Powys
      • Created 36 jobs
    • Cornwall
      • Tourism declined as its a seasonal economy with low wage jobs. and increased-air travel
      • farming declined as. supermarkets want. cheapest deal and its cheaper imported and reduction-in grants
      • EU can produce milk for just 16p/litre
      • Fishingdeclined as EU quotas allowed Conrlwaslls fish stock to be used by other countries and stocks have been overfished
      • Mining has declined was oress have ran out and overseas outsourcing
      • EU has given grant and government
      • Eden project has been one strategy
      • Eden-project opened in 2001 and. is 2 large conservatories and a sustainable living eductaioncentre
      • eden project used to be a China clay quarry
      • Eden project was funded by national. lottery, eu and loans
      • In the first 10 years the Eden project was generated 1.1 billion for Cornwall and attracted 13 million visitors.
      • Eden project has employed650 people directly and more non directly
      • It has raised cornwallsprofile and encouraged wider investment
      • Made tourism a year. round
      • 25% of Cornwalls population are over 65 in Grampound
      • Engaged area int he gram pound as village shop run by volunteers, charities built 2 turbines, monthly local produce market and. carnival
    • Grasmere
      • Declined post production but it has rebranded itself as "home of Wordsworth"
      • Tourist hotspot now with Wordsworth cottage and. slate houses
    • Successful place- Sydney
      • Huge CBD with 2/3 of regional headquarters of TNCS
      • Large amount high income jobs in. knowledge economy
      • Leading financial centre. for Asian-Pacific region
      • gross regionalproductis largest in Australia
      • Climate attracts footloose companies and migrants
      • Time zone allows. trade with EU and USA
      • 10thin world for quality of life and low deprivation
      • 30% of. residents were born overseas
      • 250 languages spokenand young economically workforce
      • Australias most expensive city
      • Incomes are 7th highest in the world
      • lots of congestion and pollution.
      • More inequality leading to gated communities.
      • Pressure on servoces
      • Housing crisi
    • Rust belt- Michigan and Ohio
      • Once heavy coal and steel industry but declined since 1980s
      • Overseas companies could produce it cheaper
      • Mines mechanised to cut costs
      • Lower wages in south east of USA eg Texas
      • High income job have been replaced by low. wage tertiary
      • Population. decline with. a high out migration
      • High unemployment and crime rates

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