Genetic Engineering

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Genetic Engineering
    • Kant
      • Universibility
        • If you view an embryo as a non person that has potentiality to become a person then it might be okay/universal
      • Means to an end
        • By genetically engineering a child for happiness (IVF) or to save another (saviour siblings) it is using the embryo as a means to an end.
          • Personhood!
            • If you view an embryo as a non person that has potentiality to become a person then it might be okay/universal
          • But its a humans duty to preserve life so could a saviour sibling be doing your duty?
            • Universal law is most important out of the conflicting duties so if saviour siblings can be universal then it is okay.
            • OUGHT IMPLIES CAN
              • Universal law is most important out of the conflicting duties so if saviour siblings can be universal then it is okay.
        • OUGHT IMPLIES CAN
      • Utilitarian View
        • Prevention of disease= good. Greatest good for the greatest number.
          • Maximisation of welfare= minimisation of pain
        • An embryo has no intrinsic value.
          • Are humans only valuable when they are genetically modified if GE is okay?
          • Early embryos do not count in HC as they do not feel pain.
            • End happiness justifies the cost
        • Karl Popper= can lead to desire of super people
          • So there are positives and negatives of GE. Could lead to happiness or pain. Are the consequences certain.. .HEDONIC CALCULUS
        • Singer believes its good for animals.
          • No more animal testing
      • Christian Views
        • Strong Sanctity of Life
          • Pope Benedict XVI said that embryo research is morally wrong and can lead to Eugenics
            • Eugenics= improving the population by changing genetic characteristics
          • Natural Law says that playing God is dangerous when the consequences are unknown.
            • Double Effect...A good moral act has the secondary consequence of a killing an embryo. GE does not seek to kill.
          • A christian view takes up the idea of parental love, the love of God of his creation.
            • This leads to research into diseases that affect the children and to the creation of saviour siblings.
              • Its virtuous to want the best for your child.
                • A christian view takes up the idea of parental love, the love of God of his creation.
                  • This leads to research into diseases that affect the children and to the creation of saviour siblings.
                    • Its virtuous to want the best for your child.
          • Weak Sanctity of Life
            • God gave us the gift of knowledge and God is a god of love. Sometimes it is the most agape thing to do to remove a threatening gene.
              • Situation ethics.... we have the knowledge so put it too good use.
        • Natural Law
          • Oppose it due to the destruction of embryo.
            • Stem cell research= OK
          • Life is sacred. Each life should be valued despite disability
            • Plus the consequences are unknown so they could prove worse.
            • Dignity of humans and animals
              • GE needs to be firmly controlled by NL principles. The scientist needs to play God in the appropriate way following the precepts.
          • Double Effect
        • Key points created by GE
          • Personhood
            • Is an embryo a person?
          • Cost...does the end justify the cost?
            • Should NHS money go towards making new life or saving current life?
          • Animal equality
            • IF it is okay to test on animals then why not humans? Singer VS Christianity
          • Rights to a child...who has rights?
            • NL= Primary Precept is to reproduce!
            • SE agape? to have a child?
            • Evolution... natural instinct
          • Sanctity of Life
            • Life is sacred, embryos can not be destroyed if considered life.
          • Playing God.
            • Life is sacred, embryos can not be destroyed if considered life.

      Comments

      No comments have yet been made

      Similar Religious Studies resources:

      See all Religious Studies resources »See all Ethics resources »