Gender Dysphoria

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  • Created by: Charlie
  • Created on: 15-01-13 09:36
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  • Gender Dysphoria
    • Gender dysphoria has been recogised as a disorder, and is defined as "when people feel there is a mismatch between there physical anatomy and their gender identity, so they identify more with the opposite sex.
      • It was first recognized as a psychological disorder by the DSM in 1980, and defined as gender identity disorder in which gender dysphoria was a core sysmtom. To be dianosed with GID you must meet a least four points set out by DSM.
        • These include; dislike or refusal to wear clothes typical of their sex, dislike or refusal to take part in activities typical of their sex, desire to live and be accepted as the opposite sex, must be present for two years
    • GD is more common in men then it is in women. the American psycological society esamate that around 1 in 11,900 men and 1 in 30,400 women that have GD. in the uk 1 in 4000 people are receiving treatment.
    • When researching GD, Drummond identified two different research methods
      • Retro-respective case studies - looking at the past of those with GID (issues with memory recall, effecting validity and reliability.
      • Prosective studies -follwing a group of children through childhood on to early adulthood.
      • Most research has found that most children with GD do not go on to request sex changes and the disorder diminshes in later years.
    • GREEN 97 -studied 44 boys referred to a clinical for strong feminine behavior. Then compared them to 30 boys in a control group. He found that only 1 out of the 44 boys had opted for gender reassignment surgery. Also Zucker carried out a similar study and found similar results.
      • Drummond - studied 30 girls referred to a gender identity clinic. at 7 years play was observed and a play mate questionnaire was issued and sex-type behaviors were measured. At 18 years and gender identity was assessed.
        • Finding - 88% of girls who had shown strong gender identity disorder at aged 7 years, showed no signs at 18 years. Altrough 12% did go on to show signs of GD still offers support that GD decreases with age
          • This study concludes that cross-gender idenifcation in childhood may be a risk factor dor GID in later life. Howver there is no clear continuity between child and adulthood and other factors may be important.
        • Ethical - issues - very sensitive area socially and there is also a need for the balance of provision of treatment and researching causes.


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