GENDER IDENTITY

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  • IDENTITY
    • NATIONALITY
    • SOCIAL CLAS
    • AGE
    • ETHNICITY
    • DISABILITY
    • GENDER
      • fluid + changing (especially in postmod society)
        • OAKLEY: family socialises children into their gender roles// manipulation/canalisation/ verbal appellation/ different activities
          • POSTMODERNISTS: people free to choose their own identity (achieved not ascribed)
            • FUNCTIONALISTS: PARSONS= instrumental + expressive role within family
              • DELAMONT: feminine + masculine identities= changed/ housewife still occurs as media shows professional women to be unfulfilled + unhappy without kids/man
        • MAC + GHAILL: males under-achieving in education/ matcho manual work declining (traditional male role)/ women= increasingly better than men in labour market/males deal: crisis in masculinity'- equal opportunity laws encouraged this (ie. Equal Pay Act 1970)
        • JACKSON (2006): Girls spend more time taking part in 'masculine activities'// drinking, disruptive behaviour/ smoking= because of fear of being 'uncool= 'LADETTES'
        • WILKINSON: economy has become more feminised + more positive female role models in society= led to a 'gender quake': what it means to be a woman (attitudes changed in recent generations)
        • SHARPE: girls priorities have changed= education, career + independence now the defining features of female identity + self-esteem
        • ***WHEN DISCUSSING GENDER, DO NOT FORGET THE MEN!
          • ABBOTT (2000): Men keener interest in appearance/ growing confidence in expressing themselves/ male identity= increasingly changing
    • SEXUALITY

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