Gender Differences in Achievement

  • Created by: r_ahmad
  • Created on: 01-05-19 17:20
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  • Gender differences in achievement.
    • external
      • womens employment : Social trends (2008) found relatively equal numbers of women and men were in paid employment. This made having a career an achievable goal for girls and so they worked harder to be able to do so.
      • Changes in family : Office of National Statistics found there were now more single parent families - 90% of whom were female. This meant girls had female role models who were the breadwinners of the family.
      • Feminism: drawing attention to societies inequalities meant changes in laws and policies to help women in employment : Equal Pay Act 1975
      • Changing ambitions: Sue Sharpe conducted interviews on school girls in the 70's and then 90's. She saw ambitions change from family first to career first.
      • Gendered Socialisation: Girls are socialised into passive activities (reading), however, boys are socialised into rough activities (sports). This puts girls at an advantage in education.
    • internal
      • League Tables and Selection: Girls are more attractive to schools due to their socialisation and therefore they are more likely to end up in better schools.
      • Coursework: Girls are better suited to doing coursework, however, this changed in 2015 when courseworks were reduced.
      • Laddish Subcultures: Boys are encouraged to be tough through peer pressure and this leads to disruptions in their education.
      • Feminisation of education: More females teachers would make the boys see education as something feminine and so are put off by it.
      • Role Models: Boys had fewer role models in primary education. This would also discourage them from doing well in education.

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