Psychology gender bias

  • Created by: lara__001
  • Created on: 21-11-18 17:37
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  • Gender bias
    • Alpha bias
      • Definition - refers to theories which exaggerate the differences between males and females
      • Example - Freud: he argued that there are psychological differences between men and women. His theory suggests that women are inferior as young girls suffer from 'penis envy', and he viewed femininity as failed form of masculinity
    • Beta bias
      • Definition - refers to theories which ignore or minimise sex differences. These theories often assume that the findings from males can apply equally to females
      • Example - fight or flight: biological research into the fight or flight response has often been carried out with male animals. It was assumed that this would not be a problem as the fight or flight response would be the same for both sexes
        • However, a beta bias can prompt more research: Taylor et al (2002) found that females adopt a 'tend and befriend' response in stressful / dangerous situations: women are more likely to protect their offspring (tending) and form alliances with other women (befriending), rather than fight an adversary or flee
    • Definition - the differential treatment and/or representation of males and females, based on stereotypes and not real differences
    • Androcentrism
      • Definition - theories which are centred on, or focused on males
    • Gynocentrism
      • Definition - theories which are centred on, or focused on females

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